Rome is also trying to impose its method of calculating the date of Easter, which is difficult because it is a lunar calendar event to integrate the solar calendar. In addition, the constraints are many: it must take place on a Sunday, at a time when the days are lengthening, and not the same day as the Passover. August 2018 Calendar USA Apart from the rivalry with the Jewish calendar, it is for Rome to impose its authority in the Christian world. Ireland, converted in the fifth century, manages to maintain a different mode of calculation until 664. However, certain particularisms persist. In the Iberian Peninsula, the kingdom of Galicia denies the names of the days of the Christian calendar, since they refer to pagan gods: Tuesday is the day of March, Wednesday that of Mercury … We decide to number the days, which explains their current denomination in Portuguese: segunda-feira (Monday), terça-feira (Tuesday), etc.
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The idea appears in a Greek cleric of the sixth century, but it was not until the next century that a great historian of the Anglo-Saxon world, Bede the Venerable, imposes it by dating all the events he relates according to this principle . Before, the date of the creation of the world (beginning of the Jewish calendar) could be used by Christians. But this date being very distant, it multiplies the risks of errors of computation. In the sixth century, Gregory of Tours used it to tell the story of Clovis: some episodes in the life of this king are a little uncertain.
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The Gregorian reform of the tenth century, then the capture of Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, by the Crusaders in 1204 led to a break: the Orthodox refused any decision from Rome. In 1582, they will not adopt the Gregorian calendar set up by Pope Gregory XIII, hence the shift of calendars. Similarly, during the Protestant Reformation, Lutherans refused the Gregorian calendar to mark their opposition to Rome.
The counting systems of the years are thus multiple, and the authors of the time privilege a relative dating, taking as starting point the entry in function of an emperor, a king or an abbot. The same document is dated according to several characters, at the risk of the error: the monk who chronicles the foundation of the abbey of Cluny is mistaken in one of the two dates it indicates. August 2018 Calendar USA It is not known if this great abbey was founded in 909 or 910.In the Roman Empire, this day marked the taking of office of the consuls and the feast of the god Janus, where it was customary to offer gifts. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, several bishops explained in their sermons that these were pagan rites: and if people do offer themselves, the festival has probably lost its religious meaning. Some propose to change the year at Easter, but it is finally the first of January that remains the date of reference.